Table of Contents
1

RELEVANCE AND PURPOSE OF DIGITAL VERIFICATION ..................................... 6
1.1

INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................... 6

1.1.1

A (quick) introduction to the verification process ........................................................... 7

1.1.1.1

2

ACCOUNT VERIFICATION .......................................................................................... 10
2.1

ANALYZE USER ACCOUNT/PROFILE .................................................................................... 10

2.1.1
3

Bringing the indicators together .......................................................................................................... 9

Example Account Verification ...................................................................................... 13

EXAMINING THE EVENT DEPICTED ......................................................................... 16
3.1

VERIFYING THE EVENT DEPICTED IN A PHOTO OR VIDEO ................................................ 16

3.1.1

Things you may need to verify: ..................................................................................... 16

3.1.1.1

People depicted .................................................................................................................................... 16

3.1.1.2

Structures depicted .............................................................................................................................. 19

3.1.1.2.1
3.1.1.3

Corroboration ....................................................................................................................................... 20

3.1.1.3.1
3.1.1.4

4

Case Study ....................................................................................................................................... 21
Weapons ............................................................................................................................................... 23

3.1.1.4.1

Case Study 1 .................................................................................................................................... 23

3.1.1.4.2

Case Study 2 .................................................................................................................................... 24

TIME OF EVENT ............................................................................................................. 25
4.1

VERIFYING AND CORROBORATING THE TIME OF THE EVENT DEPICTED ......................... 25

4.1.1
5

Case Study ....................................................................................................................................... 19

Case study ..................................................................................................................... 27

EXAMINING THE LOCATION OF EVENT ................................................................. 30
5.1

GEOLOCATING THE EVENT DEPICTED ................................................................................ 30

5.1.1

Case Study ..................................................................................................................... 31

6

REPORTING ON FINDINGS......................................................................................... 36

7

CHALLENGES AND PITFALLS .................................................................................... 37
7.1

8

THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND ................................................................................................... 37

RESOURCES AND TOOLS ............................................................................................ 41
8.1

MAPS ..................................................................................................................................... 41

8.1.1

Google Maps .................................................................................................................. 41

8.1.2

Google Earth .................................................................................................................. 43

8.1.3

WikiMapia ..................................................................................................................... 45

8.1.4

GeoNames ...................................................................................................................... 46

8.1.5

Degree to Decimal Converter ........................................................................................ 47

8.2

REVERSE IMAGE SEARCH ..................................................................................................... 48
8.2.1.1

Example 1 - Screenshots...................................................................................................................... 48

8.2.1.2

Example 2 - Focal Points ..................................................................................................................... 49

8.2.1.3

Example 3 - Bad Focal Point Results ................................................................................................. 50

8.2.2

TinEye ........................................................................................................................... 51
3

Select target paragraph3