Practical guide: tips for producing reliable data in the human rights field Introduction 1 Communicate in a clear and explicit manner 2 Avoid ambiguity 2 Make sure your concepts are measurable 3 Work examples from the HR field 5 Concordance between variables and categories 7 Tips to use human rights standards for variables definition Train your team 8 10 Introduction How do we know if certain behaviors or facts should be labeled under specific categories in our database? How do we decide whether labelling a violation as a physical aggression or as torture? International standards and laws are useful instruments but sometimes they are not enough, as reality is complex and ambiguous and makes us to doubt. 1

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