TABLE OF CONTENTS
ABOUT THIS GUIDE	5
ALL ABOUT THE LAW: WHERE VIDEO AND LAW INTERSECT	

7

The Role of Video Beyond the Courtroom 	
•	 Part I: Human Rights Justice and Accountability Processes 	
•	 Field Note: Video’s Role in Human Rights Advocacy, Endorois Welfare Council v. State of Kenya 	
•	 Part II: Who Does What?
	
Stages of the Criminal Justice Process and Standards of Proof 	
•	 Field Note: The Role of Video in the Criminal Justice Process: From the DRC to the ICC 	
Anatomy of a Crime 	
•	 Field Note: Using Video to Help Prove One Element of “How” a Crime Was Committed, 	

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10
14
18
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29
36

All About Evidence 	
•	 Field Note: Call It Like It Is, Ghouta v. Bhopal - Part I	
•	 Part I: Sources of Evidence	
•	 Part II: Purposes of Evidence	
•	 Field Note: Video is Only One Piece of the Puzzle, Ghouta v. Bhopal - Part II	
•	 Part III: Characteristics of Legal Evidence	

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42
46
49
52

International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia v. Tolimir

BASIC PRACTICES	57
Basic Practices: Capturing, Storing and Sharing Video Evidence	
•	Part I: Get Ready to Film 	
•	Part II: Press Record 	
•	Part III: Safeguard Your Footage 	
•	Part IV: Share Your Video 	
•	Part V: Learn More 	

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59
63
66
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75

FILMING FOR EVIDENCE	76
Collection Planning 	
Filming Secure Scenes 	
•	 Field Note: Filming Long After a Crime, ICTY v. Dokmanović 	
Adding Essential Information 	
Proving Responsibility: Filming Linkage and Notice Evidence	
•	 Part I: The Law – The Different Ways a Person can Participate in a Crime 	
•	 Field Note: Illustrating “How” a Perpetrator Can Commit a Crime, ICTR v. Ruggiu, 	

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102
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115
117	

Nahimana and Barayagqwiza 	

•	 Part II: Command and Superior Responsibility 	
•	 Field Note: An Effective and Knowledgeable Commander, 	

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122	

•	 Field Note: A Knowledgeable Commander, ICC v. Bemba - Part I 	
•	 Field Note: Bemba’s Failure to Act, ICC v. Bemba - Part II 	
•	 Part III: How Can Video Help Prove Responsibility? 	

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Constitutional Court of Guatemala v. Rios Montt 	

VIDEO AS EVIDENCE: TABLE OF CONTENTS V 1.0

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